Periodontitis and cardiovascular diseases. Consensus report

M. Sanz, A. Marco del Castillo, S. Jepsen, J. R. Gonzalez-Juanatey, F. D'Aiuto, P. Bouchard, I. Chapple, T. Dietrich, I. Gotsman, F. Graziani, D. Herrera, B. Loos, P. Madianos, J. B. Michel, P. Perel, B. Pieske, L. Shapira, M. Shechter, M. Tonetti, C. VlachopoulosG. Wimmer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: In Europe cardiovascular disease (CVD) is responsible for 3.9 million deaths (45% of deaths), being ischaemic heart disease, stroke, hypertension (leading to heart failure) the major cause of these CVD related deaths. Periodontitis is also a chronic non‐communicable disease (NCD) with a high prevalence, being severe periodontitis, affecting 11.2% of the world's population, the sixth most common human disease. Material and Methods: There is now a significant body of evidence to support independent associations between severe periodontitis and several NCDs, in particular CVD. In 2012 a joint workshop was held between the European Federation of Periodontology (EFP) and the American Academy of Periodontology to review the literature relating periodontitis and systemic diseases, including CVD. In the last five years important new scientific information has emerged providing important emerging evidence to support these associations. Results and Conclusions: The present review reports the proceedings of the workshop jointly organised by the EFP and the World Heart Federation (WHF), which has updated the existing epidemiological evidence for significant associations between periodontitis and CVD, the mechanistic links and the impact of periodontal therapy on cardiovascular and surrogate outcomes. This review has also focused on the potential risk and complications of periodontal therapy in patients on anti thrombotic therapy and has made recommendations for dentists, physicians and for patients visiting both the dental and medical practices.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1
JournalGlobal Heart
Volume15
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 3 Feb 2020

Keywords

  • Antitrombotic therapy
  • Atherosclerosis
  • Bacteremia
  • Cardiovascular diseases
  • Chronic inflammation
  • Periodontal therapy
  • Periodontitis

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