Periocular corticosteroid injection in the management of uveitis in children

Zohar Habot-Wilner, Ahmed Sallam, Athena Roufas, Paul Mb Kabasele, John R. Grigg, Peter McCluskey, Sue Lightman*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: To report the outcome of orbital floor corticosteroid injection (OFCI) in the management of uveitis in children. Methods: A retrospective noncomparative interventional case series. The medical records of 15 consecutive children (19 eyes) with various forms of uveitis treated with OFCI of 40 mg/ml methylprednisolone acetate or a combination of 20 mg/0.5 ml Triamcinolone and 2 mg/0.5 ml dexamethasone were reviewed. Data were collected 6 months postinjection and included details of uveitis, best corrected visual acuity (BCVA), ocular inflammation, systemic therapy required and potential complications of OFCI. Results: The mean BCVA improvement was 0.18 logarithm of the minimum angle of resolution (p < 0.001), at a mean of 6 weeks (range, 4-20). Fourteen eyes (74%) had significant improvement in inflammation, 4-7 weeks post-OFCI, with a median of 4 weeks. Anterior uveitis was treated effectively in all eyes, vitritis resolved in all but one case and resolution of cystoid macular oedema was achieved in six eyes (55%). Uveitis relapsed in seven eyes (50%) after a median time of 4 months (range, 2-5 months). Four eyes (21%) underwent more than one injection. The dosage of immunosuppressive systemic therapy was reduced or able to be stopped in three patients (50%). Steroid-induced cataract was observed in four eyes (21%), 5 months post-OFCI. One patient developed cushingoid features 6 weeks post his second OFCI. Conclusion: Corticosteroid orbital floor injections resulted in control of active uveitis and visual acuity improvement in most children. However, the effect might be transient and induce cataract formation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)e299-e304
JournalActa Ophthalmologica
Volume88
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2010
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • children
  • corticosteroids
  • orbital floor injection
  • periocular injection
  • uveitis

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Periocular corticosteroid injection in the management of uveitis in children'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this