Perinatal outcome following induction of labor in patients with good glycemic controlled gestational diabetes: does timing matter?

Alyssa Hochberg, Anat Pardo, Galia Oron, Eyal Krispin, Uri Amikam, Arnon Wiznitzer, Eran Hadar, Lina Salman*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: To compare maternal and neonatal outcomes in women with good glycemic controlled gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) undergoing induction of labor at early and late term. Methods: A retrospective cohort study of all women with singleton pregnancies and well-controlled GDM undergoing induction of labor for non-GDM indications in the early (37 + 0–38 + 6 gestational weeks) and late term (39 + 0–40 + 6 weeks), in a single university-affiliated medical center (2014–2016). Exclusion criteria included: pre-gestational diabetes, multiple gestations and elective cesarean delivery. Maternal and neonatal outcomes were compared between groups. Composite maternal outcome included: post-partum hemorrhage, blood products transfusion, and cesarean or instrumental delivery. Composite neonatal outcome included: neonatal intensive care unit admission, respiratory distress syndrome, hypoglycemia and jaundice. Results: Overall, 430 women met inclusion criteria. Amongst them, 193 (44.88%) were induced at early term and 237 (55.11%) were induced at late term. There were higher rates of hypertensive complications of any kind and pre-eclampsia, in women induced at early term (11.04% vs. 4.26%, p = 0.021, and 5.92% vs. 1.60%, p = 0.04, respectively). There were no differences in maternal and neonatal outcomes between groups. Rates of composite maternal outcome and composite neonatal outcome did not differ between groups (OR 0.92, 95% CI 0.59–1.44, p = 0.73 and OR 0.78, 95% CI 0.47–1.3, p = 0.36, respectively). Conclusion: Women with good glycemic controlled GDM may be safely induced at early term, when other indications exist, without an increased risk for adverse maternal or neonatal outcomes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)299-303
Number of pages5
JournalArchives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
Volume300
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Aug 2019

Keywords

  • Gestational diabetes
  • Good glycemic control
  • Induction of labor
  • Term

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