Sixty-nine percutaneous transluminal angioplasties (PTAs) were performed in the iliac and the femoral arteries of 54 patients. The main factors that might affect the results were reviewed: associated diseases, severity of ischemic symptoms, location and type of lesions (stenosis or occlusion and their length), and presence of disease distal to the site dilated. The vascular status of the patients in our series was more severe than in most others. Improvement at follow-up (average 15 months) was maintained in 74% of 66 radiographically successful PTAs. Poor runoff was the only factor found to affect the outcome deleteriously. Intra-arterial pressure measurements performed during the procedure and vascular laboratory studies were most valuable in assessing immediate and long-term results. Wide variations in results of PTA published in the literature are due to differences in methods of selection, evaluation, and reporting. A plea is made for future presentations of PTA series in an analyzable and comparable way, including and correlating all relevant variables as in the model suggested by the present study.