The aim of the study was to compare the perceptions of hyperactive children with those of a nonhyperactive matched control group on the following dependent variables: (a) sense of coherence, (b) life satisfaction, and (c) perceptions of parental roles. Eighty-four children divided into two equal groups (27 boys and 15 girls in each group) were studied, by means of a short form of the Cornell Parent Behavior Inventory (PBI), the Sense of Coherence Scale, and a global measure of the Life Satisfaction Scale. The teachers rated each child on the Conners Abbreviated Symptom Questionnaire (ASQ), the Aggressive Behavior Scale, and a global evaluation of academic status. The data were analyzesd by multivariate analysis of variance, step-wise multiple regression, and Pearson correlation. The hyperactive children demontrated lower levels of sense of coherence: their environment seemed to them to be less ordered, to less manageable, and to bear less meaning. Study of the pereption of familial interactions highlighted the significance of the father's role for life satisfaction of the hyperactive children, and supportive behavior was perceived as contributing more than disciplinary acts to life satisfaction.