Shigella causes moderate to severe diarrhea or dysentery after invading the colon mucosa. Long Pentraxin 3 (PTX3) is recognized as the humoral component of the innate immune response to bacterial pathogens. We examined the interplay between levels of PTX3 and levels of anti-Shigella lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and anti-Shigella type 3 secretion system protein-IpaB antibodies in children during acute shigellosis and after recovery. PTX3 concentrations in serum and stool extracts were determined by sandwich ELISA using commercial anti-PTX3 antibodies. Serum IgG, IgM, and IgA anti-S. sonnei LPS or anti-S. sonnei IpaB were measured using in house ELISA. Children with acute shigellosis (n = 60) had elevated PTX3 levels in serum and stools as compared with recovered subjects (9.6 ng/mL versus 4.7 ng/mL, p < 0.009 in serum and 16.3 ng/g versus 1.1 ng/g in stool, p = 0.011). Very low levels of PTX3 were detected in stools of healthy children (0.3 ng/g). Increased serum levels of PTX3 correlated with high fever accompanied by bloody or numerous diarrheal stools characteristic of more severe shigellosis while short pentraxin; C-Reactive Protein (CRP) did not show such a correlation. PTX3 decreased in convalescence while anti-Shigella antibodies increased, switching the response from innate to adaptive toward the eradication of the invasive organism. These data can inform the development of Shigella vaccines and treatment options.
- Lipopolisaccharide (LPS)
- c-reactive protein (CRP)
- invasion plasmid antigen B (IpaB)
- pentraxin 3 (PTX3)