Pelvic floor muscle training for female stress urinary incontinence: Five years outcomes

Netta Beyar, Asnat Groutz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Aim: To evaluate the clinical status, lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) and quality of life (QOL) 5 years after completion of a pelvic floor muscle training (PFMT) program for female stress urinary incontinence (SUI). Methods: Two hundred and eight consecutive women who underwent a guided PFMT program as first-line management of SUI were invited to participate in a questionnaire-based outcome study 5 years after treatment. Primary outcome measures comprised of adherence to PFMT, interim surgery for SUI, and patients’ self-assessment of LUTS and QOL. Results: One hundred and thirty-two (63%) women completed all questionnaires, 55 of whom (41.7%, mean age 52.1 ± 10.8) reported adherence to PFMT, 75 (56.8%, mean age 49.8 ± 10.8) discontinued training, and two (1.5%) underwent surgery. Further analysis of the 76 non-responders revealed six more patients who underwent surgery. Thus, overall, eight patients (3.8% of the original cohort) underwent surgery within 5 years after completion of the training program. Except for those who underwent surgery, almost all women reported SUI, however their ICIQ-UI scores for frequency and amount of leakage were low (2.2 ± 0.9, 1.18 ± 1.04, respectively) and I-QOL score was high (96.2 ± 13.6). All investigated parameters and domains, in each of the three questionnaires and among all women, consistently demonstrated low severity of LUTS and relatively high continence-associated QOL. There were no statistically significant differences in favor of adherence to PFMT. Conclusions: Although relatively high rates of 5-year adherence to training were demonstrated among our patients, this adherence was not associated with superior treatment outcomes. Further studies are needed to establish the long-term efficacy of PFMT for SUI. Neurourol. Urodynam. 36:132–135, 2017.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)132-135
Number of pages4
JournalNeurourology and Urodynamics
Volume36
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2017

Keywords

  • outcome assessment
  • pelvic floor muscle training
  • stress urinary incontinence

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