No consensus guidelines exist for the respiratory treatment of asthmatic children referred for elective surgery. The aim of this study was to evaluate the attitude of pediatric pulmonologists regarding the pre-operative management of these children. Methods: A survey of pre-operative management of asthmatic children was conducted. All 48 certified pediatric pulmonologists in Israel completed a questionnaire that comprised 20 questions regarding their approach to pre-operative management including six case scenarios with a variety of clinical situations and treatments of children with asthma. Results: Response rate was 100%. All believed that pre-operative treatment should be considered in all asthmatic children. Almost 50% suggested that a pediatric pulmonologist should be consulted in all pre-operative assessments. 50% recommended consultation only in individual cases. Overall, results showed a very wide variability between responders especially in pre-school and poorly controlled school children. The variability referred to the use of bronchodilators, inhaled corticosteroids and their combination during the pre-operative days, the addition of systemic CS and the length of pre-operative treatment. Almost all participants suggested either the initiation or augmentation of pre-operative treatment in high risk situations. Conclusions: This data demonstrate an important variability among pediatric pulmonologists in Israel regarding the practice of pre-operative treatment of infants and children with asthma especially for the less controlled and high risk children. This is most probably explained by the paucity of evidence-based data and the lack of established guidelines. Consensus guidelines for the pre-operative management of asthmatic children are needed.