Pediatric craniocerebral wounds from plastic bullets: Prognostic implications, course, and outcome

G. Paret, B. Dekel, A. Yellin, M. Hadani, D. Weissman, A. Vardi, C. Hoffman, N. Knoller, G. Ohad, Z. Barzilay

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: To review our experience with craniocerebral injuries caused by plastic bullets, and to delineate prognostic factors for outcome. Design: Retrospective case series of 29 patients presenting with plastic bullet- induced craniocerebral lesions. Setting: Pediatric intensive care department of a tertiary care center. Measurements and Main Results: Outcome was poor in 10 patients, good in 11, and two and six patients were moderately and severely disabled, respectively. Statistical analysis showed prognostic significance of the admission Glasgow Coma Scale score, computed tomographic findings of intraventricular hemorrhage and midline shift, and metabolic studies including hypokalemia and hyperglycemia. Conclusions: Plastic bullet- induced craniocerebral injuries carry a lower morbidity and mortality rate compared with other gunshot wounds. However, plastic bullets do incur a significant risk of injury. Their use should be carefully regulated.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)859-863
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
Volume41
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1996
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Gunshot wound
  • Head injury
  • Penetrating craniocerebral injury
  • Prognosis

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