PCA-based classification using airborne hyperspectral radiance data, a case study: Mount Horshan Mediterranean forest

Moshe Mandelmilch, Alon Dadon, Eyal Ben-Dor, Efrat Sheffer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Atmospheric correction (ATC) of radiance image data is a preliminary and necessary procedure to reach a coherent unsupervised classification. Though ATC results in removal of noise artefacts related to path radiance, loss of some data is inherent by the process. The unsupervised principal component analysis-based classification (PCABC) was harnessed in this paper using radiance data that bypass the ATC protocol. Being primarily based on the variability of the input hyperspectral remote sensing (HRS) image regardless of its physical attributes, it was assumed that PCABC can be applied to radiance HRS image just as already shown on reflectance domain. To test this assumption, PCABC was tested on a radiance HRS image of Specim’s AisaFENIX taken over the Mediterranean forest of Mount Horshan, Israel. With no application of ATC or noise reduction, while tested unsupervised classification methods were insufficient, PCABC was able to classify four different plant species with an overall accuracy of 68%.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5783-5806
Number of pages24
JournalGeocarto International
Volume37
Issue number20
DOIs
StatePublished - 2022

Keywords

  • Hyperspectral remote sensing
  • plant species classification
  • radiance image
  • unsupervised classification

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