Patterns of Adjustment to the Career/Family Conflict of Technically Trained Women in the United States and Israel

Dalia Etzion, Lotte Bailyn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The number of women in technical/scientific careers is still very small worldwide. The aim of the present paper is to understand how women who are already pursuing technical careers experience and reconcile the demands of their professional and private lives in two different national contexts. Participants in the study were 453 women in two countries with different socioeconomic, political, and cultural backgrounds: the United States and Israel. The cross‐cultural perspective is employed here in order to better understand the universal aspects of the phenomenon, as opposed to those that are tied to a particular situational or cultural context. Women in both countries face a practical dilemma in combining career and family as well as a femininity dilemma related to their identity as women. These dilemmas differ according to the life stage of the women, but the effects vary by national culture.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1520-1549
Number of pages30
JournalJournal of Applied Social Psychology
Volume24
Issue number17
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1994

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