Pattern of Cerebrospinal Fluid Lactic Dehydrogenase During Treatment of Bacterial Meningitis

Udi Nussinovitch, Yaron Finkelstein, Daniella Harel, Naomi Nussinovitch, Moshe Nussinovitch

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Bacterial and aseptic meningitis are characterized by distinctive lactic dehydrogenase isoenzyme patterns. No studies have quantified the dynamics of lactic dehydrogenase isoenzyme distribution during treated bacterial meningitis. We used a retrospective case-series design, and reviewed files of all neonates with bacterial meningitis who attended our pediatric tertiary medical center for 8 years period. We identified neonates in whom a repeated lumbar puncture was indicated. Findings of cerebrospinal fluid analysis, including levels of lactic dehydrogenase isoenzymes, were compared with an age-matched reference group. In two patients with meningitis, lumbar puncture with cerebrospinal fluid analysis was repeated because of inadequate response to treatment or initially obscure etiologic pathogens. Both patients had initially low levels of lactic dehydrogenase-1 and lactic dehydrogenase-2 and high levels of lactic dehydrogenase-4 and lactic dehydrogenase-5, similar to other patients with bacterial meningitis. The distribution pattern of lactic dehydrogenase isoenzyme normalized after adequate antibiotic treatment. In light of the encouraging results in these two patients, further studies are warranted regarding the value of lactic dehydrogenase isoenzyme measurements for follow-up purposes and for evaluations of response to treatment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)413-416
Number of pages4
JournalPediatric Neurology
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 2010


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