Patients with stages III and IV endometriosis have a poorer outcome of in vitro fertilization-embryo transfer than patients with tubal infertility

Foad Azem*, Joseph B. Lessing, Eli Geva, Arik Shahar, Liat Lerner-Geva, Israel Yovel, Ami Amit

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

111 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: To evaluate the outcome of IVF in patients with stages III and IV endometriosis. Design: Retrospective study. Setting: The Sara Racine IVF Unit, Lis Maternity Hospital, Tel Aviv Sourasky Medical Center, Israel. Patient(s): Fifty-eight patients with stages III and IV endometriosis and 60 patients with tubal infertility. Intervention(s): IVF-ET for all couples. Main Outcome Measure(s): Fertilization, pregnancy, and birth rates. Result(s): The comparison between patients with endometriosis and those with tubal infertility indicated that the former had a poor IVF outcome in terms of reduced fertilization rate (40% vs. 70%), reduced pregnancy rate per cycle (10.6% vs. 22.4%), and reduced birth rate per cycle (6.7% vs. 16.6%). The differences were statistically significant. Conclusion(s): The results show an unfavorable outcome of IVF-ET in patients with endometriosis when compared with those who have tubal infertility.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1107-1109
Number of pages3
JournalFertility and Sterility
Volume72
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1999

Keywords

  • Endometriosis
  • IVF
  • Pregnancy outcome
  • Tubal infertility

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