Patients in the intensive care unit suffer from severe lack of sleep associated with loss of normal melatonin secretion pattern

Lotan Shilo*, Y. Dagan, Y. Smorjik, U. Weinberg, S. Dolev, B. Komptel, H. Balaum, L. Shenkman

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Patients hospitalized in the intensive care unit (ICU) tend to become agitated and confused, and many even develop temporary psychoses (the ICU syndrome). We wondered whether the regulation of sleep and the secretion of melatonin is abnormal in ICU patients. Therefore, we studied the association of sleep-wake pattern in patients hospitalized in the ICU, their melatonin secretion rates, and profile compared with a control group of patients in general medical wards. Methods: Sleep was assessed by actigraphy. Urine was collected every 3 hours for 24 hours. Melatonin secretion was assessed by measuring the melatonin metabolite 6-sulphatoxy melatonin by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Results: Actigraphy suggested that the ICU patients lacked normal sleep behavior for the entire study period, except for occasional short naps. Compared with controls, the nocturnal peak of melatonin secretion was absent, except in two patients in the nonventilated group, and showed a flat curve. Conclusions: Our results suggest that lack of sleep is indeed a severe problem in ICU patients and is accompanied by impairment of normal melatonin secretion. The possibility that melatonin administration may prove useful in improving sleep patterns in ICU patients deserves further study.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)278-281
Number of pages4
JournalAmerican Journal of the Medical Sciences
Volume317
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1999

Keywords

  • Intensive care unit
  • Melatonin
  • Sleep

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