Partially incoherent gap solitons in Bose-Einstein condensates

I. M. Merhasin, Boris A. Malomed, Y. B. Band

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We construct families of incoherent matter-wave solitons in a repulsive degenerate Bose gas trapped in an optical lattice (OL), i.e., gap solitons, and investigate their stability at zero and finite temperature, using the Hartree-Fock-Bogoliubov equations. The gap solitons are composed of a coherent condensate, and normal and anomalous densities of incoherent vapor cotrapped with the condensate. Both intragap and intergap solitons are constructed, with chemical potentials of the components falling in one or different band gaps in the OL-induced spectrum. Solitons change gradually with temperature. Families of intragap solitons are completely stable (both in direct simulations and in terms of eigenvalues of perturbation modes), while the intergap family may have a very small unstable eigenvalue (nevertheless, they feature no instability in direct simulations). Stable higher-order (multihumped) solitons and bound complexes of fundamental solitons are found too.

Original languageEnglish
Article number033614
JournalPhysical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics
Volume74
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 2006

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