Parental Loss and Family Violence as Correlates of Suicide and Violence Risk

Alexander J. Botsis*, Robert Plutchik, Moshe Kotler, Herman M. van Praag

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Seventy‐nine psychiatric inpatients were administered a battery of psychometric instruments that obtained information about early parental loss, exposure to family violence, and behavioral problems in themselves and in their first‐degree relatives. These variables were correlated with suicide and violence risk measures. Suicide risk significantly correlated with all family variables whereas violence risk correlated with behavioral problems both in oneself and in one's first‐degree relatives. Moreover, suicidal and/or violent patients had experienced maternal loss significantly more frequently than the nonsuicidal/nonviolent patients. In the suicidal/violent group, age of patient at death of parents was significantly lower than in the nonsuicidal/nonviolent group. Finally, family violence was significantly correlated with behavioral problems in self and in first‐degree relatives. Findings are interpreted according to the authors' theoretical model of aggression regulation. 1995 The American Association for Suicidology

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)253-260
Number of pages8
JournalSuicide and Life-Threatening Behavior
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1995
Externally publishedYes


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