Parameters that influence the results of in vitro fertilization/embryo transfer: A study of an egg donation model

D. Levran, I. Goldstein, J. Dor, S. Mashiach, D. Bider*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


A retrospective analysis was carried our after ovulation induction in donors, and treatment outcome in donors and recipients, relating to variables such as: age, protocol of ovarian stimulation, transfer of fresh or cryopreserved embryos, number of embryos transferred including quality and etiology of donor and recipient infertility. The recipients underwent 214 cycles of embryo transfer from 82 different donors. Forty-five (21%) pregnancies were recorded. The age of the recipients significantly affected the conception rate (pregnancy rate of 30% on those aged < 30 years, compared to 9.7% in those aged > 44 years) and the donors were contributed more to pregnancies were younger. The pregnancy rate was significantly higher when fresh embryos were transferred to recipients (28%, compared to 15% when cryopreserved embryos were transferred). In addition, the number of embryos transferred affected the pregnancy rate ≤ 3 embryos were transferred and, if they were of good quality, the success was significantly higher. Ultimately, when the ovarian stimulation protocol was clomiphene citrate and human menopausal gonadotropin or gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist/follicle-stimulating hormone/human menopausal gonadotropin, and the etiology of infertility was polycystic ovarian disease in the donors, the success rate was significantly increased in the recipients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)401-406
Number of pages6
JournalGynecological Endocrinology
Issue number6
StatePublished - 1996


  • Egg donation
  • Embryo transfer parameters
  • In vitro fertilization


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