The Islamic Resistance Movement (Hamas), the Palestinian Muslim Brotherhood political-military wing, sought to reconcile the contradictions between nationalism and Islam by Islamizing Palestinian identity. It sanctified Palestine as radiating from Jerusalem, the place of the Prophet Muhammad's night journey to heaven, and as an inalienable Islamic trust (waqf), from which not even an inch may be conceded. It also Islamized Palestine's history going back to pre-Islamic times. In addition, Hamas portrayed Palestine as the key to achieving the unity of the Islamic world, and as the capital of the future universal Islamic state.
- Harakat al-Muqawamah al-Islamiyah