Paleomagnetic-Geodynamic Mapping of the Transition Zone from Ocean to the Continent: A Review

Lev V. Eppelbaum, Youri I. Katz

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

The easternmost Mediterranean is a distinct transition zone from the ocean to the continent located at the junction between the largest Earth’s lithospheric segments: Eurasian and African. The methodology of paleomagnetic mapping of such transition zones is based on integrating the mapping techniques for both continental and oceanic platforms: paleomagnetic reconstructions, results of radiometric dating of magnetized rocks, tectonic-structural reconstructions, biogeography, and utilization of the results of various geophysical surveys. The geodynamic-paleomagnetic mapping makes it possible to reveal the multilevel structural heterogeneity and display complex elements of the geodynamics of different ages inherent in this transition zone. The region of northern Israel is the most complex area in the easternmost Mediterranean. For the combined paleomagnetic mapping, well-studied paleomagnetically and radiometrically areas were selected: (1) the Carmel area, (2) the Atlit area (internal part of the Carmel area), (3) the Sea of Galilee with the adjoining zones (primarily, the Kinnarot Valley), and (4) the area of the Hula Basin with adjacent areas of the Golan Plateau, Hermon Mt., and Galilea uplift. The constructed paleomagnetic profiles for the Carmel area (on the top of the accumulative surface of the Lower Cretaceous traps) and the Kinnarot Valley—Sea of Galilee—Hula Basin, evidently indicate the complex history of the paleogeodynamic evolution of the region. These studies demonstrate the effectiveness of paleomagnetic mapping integrated with paleomagnetic profiles crossing these geologically complex areas.

Original languageEnglish
Article number5419
JournalApplied Sciences (Switzerland)
Volume12
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jun 2022

Keywords

  • integrated study
  • paleomagnetic mapping
  • paleomagnetic profiling
  • radiometric dating
  • tectonic-structural interpretation

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