Oxidative stress has been shown to play a role in modifying antibodies in favor of higher autoimmunoreactivity. We studied the immunoreactivity of oxidized IgG (oxIgG) to β2-glycoprotein I (β2GPI), six peptide sequences corresponding to amino acid clusters on its different domains, to determine their effects on human coronary artery endothelial cells (HCAEC). Human IgG was purified from seven donors, electro-oxidized and checked for immunoreactivity and avidity to β2GPI and to peptides by ELISA. Conformational stability and antibodyantigen complex formation of oxIgG was analyzed by fluorescence spectroscopy and dynamic light scattering. Resting and activated sub-confluent HCAEC were stimulated with oxIgG or IgG. Secreted cytokines were measured by ELISA. Immunoreactivity of seven oxIgG samples increased to 7.5-fold against β2GPI and to 3.8-fold against six peptides as compared to IgG. oxIgG showed low avidity "properties." Conformational changes and exposure of protein hydrophobic regions were confirmed by an elevation in fluorescence (2.4- to 5.0-fold) on bis-ANS dye binding to oxIgG. oxIgG significantly elevated the release of GROα and IL-8 in resting and activated states of HCAEC. Oxidation alters IgG in favor of autoreactivity toward whole β2GPI and corresponding peptides on different domains of β2GPI and could lead to dysfunction of arterial endothelium by upregulation of chemokines.
- Acquired autoreactivity
- Bis-ANS fluorescence
- Dynamic light scattering
- Human coronary artery endothelial cells
- β2-glycoprotein I