Oxidative stress in obese children and adolescents with and without type 2 diabetes mellitus is not associated with obstructive sleep apnea

Riva Tauman*, Shlomit Shalitin, Lena Lavie

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: Obesity, obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) are associated with chronic low-grade inflammation and oxidative stress. In adults, increased lipid peroxidation, a marker of oxidative stress, was found in both metabolic syndrome and OSA. Studies on oxidative stress in children with T2DM and OSA are scarce. Methods: Plasma oxidized low-density lipoprotein (Ox-LDL) levels were evaluated in obese children and adolescents with/without T2DM, and the contribution of OSA to oxidative stress was investigated. Results: Ten patients with T2DM, 8 with impaired glucose tolerance (IGT), and 20 body mass index-standard deviation score (BMI-SDS)-matched non-diabetic children (controls) were studied. They all underwent overnight polysomnography. Fasting plasma concentrations of Ox-LDL were measured and compared to the glycemic status and to the presence of OSA. Fourteen patients (36%) were diagnosed with OSA and 21 (55%) with hypertension. There were no significant group differences in plasma Ox-LDL levels or between patients with/without OSA. Plasma Ox-LDL levels were significantly higher among patients with hypertension compared to controls (P = 0.01), while they correlated with homeostasis model assessment (P = 0.02), BMI-SDS (P = 0.049), and systolic blood pressure (P = 0.002). Conclusions: The findings of this pilot study suggest that increased lipid peroxidation is associated with insulin resistance and hypertension in obese children and adolescents, while OSA has most likely minor influence.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)117-123
Number of pages7
JournalSleep and Breathing
Volume23
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 14 Mar 2019

Keywords

  • Insulin resistance
  • Obesity
  • Obstructive sleep apnea
  • Ox-LDL
  • Type 2 diabetes mellitus

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