Background and Objective: Entero vesical fistulas (EVFs) are an uncommon complication mainly of diverticular disease (70%) and less commonly of Crohn’s disease (10%). Only about 10% are caused by malignancies. At this time, it is unclear whether the laparoscopic approach can be routinely proposed as a safe procedure for patients with EVF. The aim of this study was to assess the feasibility and safety of laparoscopic surgery in the treatment of EVFs in patients with complicated diverticular and Crohn’s disease. Methods: All patients with the diagnosis of EVF who underwent laparoscopic surgery were identified from prospective collected data based in two institutions between 2007 and 2017. Patients with malignancy were excluded. Recorded parameters included operative time, conversion to open surgery, the presence of a protective loop ileos-tomy, perioperative complications, number of units of blood transfused, postoperative course, and histologic findings. Results: Seventeen patients were included in the study: 10 patients with a colo-vesical fistula due to diverticular disease, and 7 patients with an ileo-vesical fistula due to Crohn’s disease. There were no conversions to open surgery and none of the patients needed a protective ileos-tomy. The bladder was sutured in 12 patients (70%). No intra-operative complications were met, and no blood transfusions were needed; there were no anastomotic leaks, nor mortality in both groups. Conclusions: The laparoscopic approach for benign EVF in selected patients is both feasible and safe in the hands of experienced surgeons with extensive expertise in laparoscopic surgery.
|Journal||Journal of the Society of Laparoendoscopic Surgeons|
|State||Published - 1 Jan 2019|
- Crohn’s disease
- Diverticular disease
- Enterovesical fistula