Outline of hospital organization for a chemical warfare attack

Y. Shapira, Y. Bar, H. Berkenstadt, J. Atsmon, Y. L. Danon

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


A plan for hospital organization in the event of chemical warfare is described. The basic principles are: a) isolation of the hospital receiving the casualties, b) several levels of triage, and c) treatment according to simple therapeutic protocols using appropriate treatment sites. Triage is based upon walking feasibility, respiratory status, age, and additional conventional injuries. The nurse's diagnostic and treatment authority is extended. Auxillary staff (numbering hundreds of people) are needed for decontamination, stretcher bearing, artifical ventilation, etc. A nation-wide educational program on the prevention, decontamination and treatment of chemical warfare casualties is conducted in Israeli hospitals and drills are exercised frequently. This scheme is suitable for nerve gas poisoning, but can be easily modified for other chemical agents.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)616-622
Number of pages7
JournalIsrael Journal of Medical Sciences
Issue number11-12
StatePublished - 1991
Externally publishedYes


  • Chemical warfare
  • Decontamination
  • Disaster planning
  • Hospitals
  • Mass casualties
  • Persian gulf war
  • Triage


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