Outdoor wandering parks for persons with dementia: A survey of characteristics and use

Jiska Cohen-Mansfield*, Perla Werner

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

41 Scopus citations


This study aimed to characterize the features of outdoor areas for persons with dementia, and to clarify the relationship between design features, use, and satisfaction with these areas. A national survey of long-term care facilities with outdoor areas investigated the characteristics and features of these areas, and how those related to their perceived impact on their users. Most respondents rated outdoor spaces as very useful, and as having a great benefit for users. The perceived benefit was related to the presence of more design features, such as the presence of gazebos and to the number of activities offered in the area. Despite these positive findings, respondents stated the areas were not used as much as possible and indicated several problems, mostly related to the safety of the residents. The results of this survey can assist facilities in better designing or improving their outdoor areas to increase use and satisfaction.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)109-117
Number of pages9
JournalAlzheimer Disease and Associated Disorders
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1999
Externally publishedYes


FundersFunder number
National Institute on AgingR01AG011502


    • Cognitive functioning
    • Dementia
    • Environmental design
    • Nursing home
    • Sheltered areas
    • Wandering park


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