Purpose: This study aimed to characterize the features of outdoor areas for persons suffering from dementia, and to clarify the relationship between design features, utilization and satisfaction with these areas.
Methods: A national survey of long-term care facilities with outdoor areas investigated the characteristics and features of these areas, and how those relate to their perceived impact on their users.
Results: The majority of the respondents rated outdoor spaces as very useful, and as having a great benefit for users. The perceived benefit was related to the presence of more design features, such as the presence of gazebos and to the number of activities offered in the area. Despite these positive findings, respondents stated the areas were not used as much as possible and indicated several problems, mostly related to the safety of the residents.
Conclusion: The results of this survey can assist facilities in better designing or improving their outdoor areas to increase utilization and satisfaction.
- Cognitive functioning
- Environmental design
- Nursing home
- Sheltered areas
- Wandering park