Outcomes of incomplete abortion related to treatment modality

Merav Sharvit, Yael Yagur*, Rebecca Shams, Yair Daykan, Zvi Klein, Ron Schonman

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: This study evaluated the differences in treatment outcomes between misoprostol and surgical evacuation for the management of incomplete abortion. Methods: This retrospective cohort study compared patients with a clinical diagnosis of incomplete abortion who underwent surgical or pharmaceutical (misoprostol) intervention, 2014–2017. Demographics, sonographic results, treatment follow-up, and post-intervention data on retained products of conception were retrieved. Women with incomplete abortion who underwent surgical versus pharmaceutical intervention were compared. Results: Among 589 spontaneous abortions, 198 were included in the study, of which 123 (62.1%) underwent surgical evacuation and 75 (37.9%) pharmaceutical intervention with misoprostol. Baseline characteristics were similar between groups. During 130.8 ± 91.7 days of follow-up, no patient who underwent surgical evacuation had retained products of conception or needed surgical hysteroscopy. Four cases (5.3%) in the misoprostol group had retained products of conception and needed hysteroscopy (p = 0.02). Patients who underwent surgical evacuation had higher hemoglobin levels during follow-up (12.1 mg/dL vs. 11.7 mg/dL, p = 0.05). There were no differences in post-treatment pregnancy rates between groups. Conclusion: Long-term follow-up after incomplete abortion showed that hemodynamically stable patients treated with misoprostol achieved the desired results in 95% of cases without significant differences in pregnancy intervals compared to surgical management. Further prospective studies with larger sample sizes are required to confirm the outcomes described in this study.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1543-1548
Number of pages6
JournalArchives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
Volume308
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2023

Keywords

  • Hysteroscopy
  • Incomplete abortion
  • Misoprostol
  • Retained products of conception

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