Outcomes of Air Injection Within 2 mm Inside a Deep Trephination for Deep Anterior Lamellar Keratoplasty in Eyes With Keratoconus

Massimo Busin*, Vincenzo Scorcia, Pia Leon, Yoav Nahum

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: To evaluate the outcomes of a new technique for deep anterior lamellar keratoplasty (DALK) employing the injection of air up to 2 mm inside a deep trephination (intended within 100 μm from the endothelial surface) obtained with a guarded trephine set by means of anterior segment optical coherence tomography (AS OCT). Design: Retrospective, noncomparative, interventional case series. Methods: The success rate and learning curve of pneumatic dissection in one clinical practice were analyzed in nonscarred keratoconic eyes undergoing a standardized DALK including 9-mm trephination intended to a depth within 100 μm from the endothelial surface, based on the thinnest AS OCT measurement at this site; and injection of air through a cannula advanced 1–2 mm centripetally from the bottom of the trephination. Surgical parameters, success rate of pneumatic dissection, and complications were recorded. Results: Eighty-eight eyes of 88 patients were included in the study. Pneumatic dissection succeeded in 75 of 88 eyes (85%). No significant correlation could be found between number of cases performed and success rate for this surgeon. Complications included loss of suction during trephination (n = 2, 2.3%) and perforation (n = 4, 4.6%). Conversion to penetrating keratoplasty was necessary in 1 case (1.1%). Conclusion: Setting an adjustable trephine to a depth within 100 μm from the endothelial surface eliminates the need for reaching the central cornea for successful pneumatic dissection and substantially flattens the learning curve of DALK, while achieving a constant success rate above 80% and minimizing complications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6-13
Number of pages8
JournalAmerican Journal of Ophthalmology
Volume164
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2016

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