Outcome of patients with rheumatoid arthritis: Cross-sectional study of a single-center real-world inception cohort

Eduard Ling, Shachaf Ofer-Shiber, Or Goren, Yair Molad

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Tight control of disease activity is the recommended target of therapy for rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Objectives: To determine the outcome of RA with respect to disease activity and the rate of remission, as measured by the DAS-28, in a real-world inception cohort. methods: We conducted an observational cross-sectional study of a single-center real-world inception cohort of 101 consecutive patients being treated for RA in 2009-2010 in a rheumatology outpatient clinic. Patients were managed at the discretion of the attending rheumatologist with the goal of achieving remission. DAS-28 scores were calculated and analyzed by clinical and treatment variables derived from the medical files. Results: Mean patient age was 58.6 ± 13.4 years and mean duration of disease 10.7 ± 7.9 years. Disease remission (DAS-28 < 2.6) was achieved in 26.7% of patients and low disease activity (> 2.6 DAS-28 < 3.2) in 17%. Monotherapy with a conventional disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drug (C-DMARD, 21% of patients at last follow-up) was associated with a significantly lower mean DAS-28 score and C-reactive protein level than combined C-DMARD treatment (79% of patients), and with shorter disease duration than combined treatment with C-DMARDs or C-DMARD(s)+biological DMARD (40% of patients). Rheumatoid factor and anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide pos-itivity had no effect on DAS-28 scores. Time from diagnosis was inversely correlated with DAS-28 scores. conclusions: The achievement of low disease activity and remission in a significant portion of our inception cohort of patients with RA suggests that the treat-to-target strategy is feasible and effective in routine clinical practice.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)758-762
Number of pages5
JournalIsrael Medical Association Journal
Volume15
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 2013

Keywords

  • Das-28
  • Disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (DMARDS)
  • Remission
  • Rheumatoid arthritis (RA)
  • Treat-to-target

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