Outcome of elderly patients undergoing awake-craniotomy for tumor resection

Rachel Grossman, Erez Nossek, Razi Sitt, Daniel Hayat, Tal Shahar, Ori Barzilai, Tal Gonen, Akiva Korn, Gal Sela, Zvi Ram

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Awake-craniotomy allows maximal tumor resection, which has been associated with extended survival. The feasibility and safety of awake-craniotomy and the effect of extent of resection on survival in the elderly population has not been established. The aim of this study was to compare surgical outcome of elderly patients undergoing awake-craniotomy to that of younger patients. Methods: Outcomes of consecutive patients younger and older than 65 years who underwent awake-craniotomy at a single institution between 2003 and 2010 were retrospectively reviewed. The groups were compared for clinical variables and surgical outcome parameters, as well as overall survival. Results: A total of 334 young (45.4 ± 13.2 years, mean ± SD) and 90 elderly (71.7 ± 5.1 years) patients were studied. Distribution of gender, mannitol treatment, hemodynamic stability, and extent of tumor resection were similar. Significantly more younger patients had a better preoperative Karnofsky Performance Scale score (>70) than elderly patients (P = 0.0012). Older patients harbored significantly more high-grade gliomas (HGG) and brain metastases, and fewer low-grade gliomas (P < 0.0001). No significantly higher rate of mortality, or complications were observed in the elderly group. Age was associated with increased length of stay (4.9 ± 6.3 vs. 6.6 ± 7.5 days, P = 0.01). Maximal extent of tumor resection in patients with HGG was associated with prolonged survival in the elderly patients. Conclusions: Awake-craniotomy is a well-tolerated and safe procedure, even in elderly patients. Gross total tumor resection in elderly patients with HGG was associated with prolonged survival. The data suggest that favorable prognostic factors for patients with malignant brain tumors are also valid in elderly patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1722-1728
Number of pages7
JournalAnnals of Surgical Oncology
Volume20
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2013

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