Orthognathic surgery complications: The 10-year experience of a single center

Oren Peleg, Reema Mahmoud*, Amir Shuster, Shimrit Arbel, Yifat Manor, Clariel Ianculovici, Shlomi Kleinman

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The retrospective cohort study aimed to assess the incidence and characteristics of these complications in patients who underwent orthognathic procedures. Data on the intraoperative and the postoperative complications were extracted from the patients’ medical files. Procedures were further subdivided into single-jaw procedures and bimaxillary procedures. A total of 209 orthognathic procedures were carried out in 190 patients. 184 (88%) were performed to treat angle class III malocclusion, while 25 (12%) aimed to treat class II malocclusion. A total of 94 complication events were observed (44.9% of 209 procedures). 22 of them occurred in single-jaw procedures (28.2% of 78 single jaw operations), and 72 occurred in bimaxillary procedures (55% of 131 bimaxillary operations). When compared regarding the type of complication, complication rates were comparable between the study groups with the exception of late-stage malocclusion. A significant difference (p-value = 0.028) in malocclusion incidences between the bimaxillary and single-jaw groups were observed (9 events, 4.3% and zero events, 0%, respectively). The majority of the complications during and following orthognathic surgical procedures are temporary or minor and require little or no treatment at all.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)891-897
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Cranio-Maxillo-Facial Surgery
Issue number10
StatePublished - Oct 2021


  • LeFort I Osteotomy
  • Orthognathic surgery
  • Sagittal split osteotomy
  • Surgery complication
  • Vertical ramus osteotomy


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