Transport of apolipoprotein A-I and arginine-rich apolipoprotein in mesenteric lymph was examined in rats given constant intraduodenal infusion of saline, glucose in saline, or emulsified fat. Lymph flow in all groups was constant from 5 to 50 hr after beginning the infusions. Lymphatic transport of triglycerides was about 20-fold greater and transport of apoprotein A-I was about twofold greater in fat-infused rats than in the other two groups. In each group transport of apoprotein A-I bore a significant positive relationship to transport of triglycerides. Lymphatic transport of the arginine-rich apoprotein was only 6-12% of that of apoprotein A-I and was more closely related to lymphatic transport of total protein than to that of triglycerides. In fat-infused rats given [3H]lysine intraduodenally, about two-thirds of the 3H in the chylomicron proteins was in apoprotein A-I and only about 1% was in the arginine-rich apoprotein. Estimated specific activity of chylomicron proteins was highest for apoprotein A-I and apoprotein A-IV, and lowest for the arginine-rich apoprotein and proteins of low molecular weight (mainly C apoproteins). In fat-infused rats given constant intravenous infusions of radioiodinated high density lipoproteins from blood plasma, the specific activity of apoprotein A-I in lymph chylomicrons was only about 5% of that of apoprotein A-I in blood high density lipoproteins, indicating that more than 90% of the apoprotein A-I in chylomicrons was synthesized in the intestine. From these and other data it is concluded that both the intestine and liver are significant sources of apoprotein A-I whereas only the liver synthesizes significant amounts of the arginine-rich apoprotein.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Journal of Lipid Research|
|State||Published - 1978|