BACKGROUND: Acute kidney injury as a direct complication of organophosphate poisoning has rarely been described and its etiology is unclear. CASE: A 17-year-old adolescent girl was admitted to the pediatric intensive care unit after a suicidal attempt with chlorpyrifos, an organophosphate insecticide compound. The patient developed acute kidney injury followed by renal failure, necessitating renal replacement therapy. She was treated with continuous venovenous hemofiltration with full resolution of her renal function. CONCLUSIONS: Organophosphate poisoning can lead to renal failure, which, with proper treatment, may be reversible but, if left unattended, might aggravate the clinical course of the disease. Physicians should be aware of this rare complication.
- Continuous venovenous hemofiltration
- Organophosphate intoxication
- Renal failure