Organophosphate poisoning-induced acute renal failure

Yuval Cavari, Daniel Landau, Shaul Sofer, Tom Leibson, Isaac Lazar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Acute kidney injury as a direct complication of organophosphate poisoning has rarely been described and its etiology is unclear. CASE: A 17-year-old adolescent girl was admitted to the pediatric intensive care unit after a suicidal attempt with chlorpyrifos, an organophosphate insecticide compound. The patient developed acute kidney injury followed by renal failure, necessitating renal replacement therapy. She was treated with continuous venovenous hemofiltration with full resolution of her renal function. CONCLUSIONS: Organophosphate poisoning can lead to renal failure, which, with proper treatment, may be reversible but, if left unattended, might aggravate the clinical course of the disease. Physicians should be aware of this rare complication.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)646-647
Number of pages2
JournalPediatric Emergency Care
Volume29
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2013
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Chlorpyrifos
  • Continuous venovenous hemofiltration
  • Organophosphate intoxication
  • Renal failure

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