This 6-month, open-label extension study of a previously described base study compared oral montelukast with inhaled beclomethasone in terms of safety, forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1) measurements, parent and patient satisfaction with treatment, asthma-related medical resource utilization, school absenteeism, and parental work loss in children with asthma. A total of 124 of 266 asthmatic children, 6 to 11 years of age, who enrolled in the base study entered a 6-month open-label extension study (74 boys, 50 girls) and were re-randomized (2:1 ratio) to receive once-daily oral montelukast (n = 83) or inhaled beclomethasone 100 mcg three times daily (n = 41). Children were evaluated in the clinic prior to re-randomization (Month 0) and at regular visits at 1, 3, and 6 months. Children and their parents showed a significantly higher overall satisfaction for montelukast at 6 months than for inhaled beclomethasone (p = 0.001 and p < 0.05, respectively). According to parents, montelukast was more convenient (p < 0.001), less difficult to use (p = 0.005), and was used as instructed more of the time (p = 0.006) compared with beclomethasone. Oral corticosteroid use was similar in the montelukast (13% of patients) and beclomethasone (17%) treatment groups. The montelukast treatment group was more adherent with their regimen than the inhaled beclomethasone treatment group; almost twice as many children on montelukast compared with inhaled beclomethasone were highly compliant (82% versus 45%). The two study groups were similar with respect to overall safety, change in FEV1, asthma-related medical resource utilization, school absenteeism, and parental work loss. Montelukast represents a safe and effective asthma treatment regimen to which children with asthma are more likely to adhere.
- Compliance and adherence
- Leukotriene receptor antagonists