Optothermal Needle-Free Injection of Vaterite Nanocapsules

Denis Kislov*, Daniel Ofer, Andrey Machnev, Hani Barhom, Vjaceslavs Bobrovs, Alexander Shalin, Pavel Ginzburg

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The propulsion and acceleration of nanoparticles with light have both fundamental and applied significance across many disciplines. Needle-free injection of biomedical nano cargoes into living tissues is among the examples. Here a new physical mechanism of laser-induced particle acceleration is explored, based on abnormal optothermal expansion of mesoporous vaterite cargoes. Vaterite nanoparticles, a metastable form of calcium carbonate, are placed on a substrate, underneath a target phantom, and accelerated toward it with the aid of a short femtosecond laser pulse. Light absorption followed by picosecond-scale thermal expansion is shown to elevate the particle's center of mass thus causing acceleration. It is shown that a 2 µm size vaterite particle, being illuminated with 0.5 W average power 100 fsec IR laser, is capable to overcome van der Waals attraction and acquire 15m sec−1 velocity. The demonstrated optothermal laser-driven needle-free injection into a phantom layer and Xenopus oocyte in vitro promotes the further development of light-responsive nanocapsules, which can be equipped with additional optical and biomedical functions for delivery, monitoring, and controllable biomedical dosage to name a few.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2305202
JournalAdvanced Science
Volume11
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 2 Feb 2024

Funding

FundersFunder number
European Research Council802279
Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation075‐15‐2022‐1150
Latvijas Zinātnes Padomelzp‐2022/1‐0579

    Keywords

    • Van der Waals adhesion force
    • femtosecond laser pulse
    • needle-free injection
    • thermal expansion
    • vaterite nanocapsule

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