Optimized Simultaneous Axial Multifocal Imaging via Frequency Multiplexed Focusing

Raphael Abiteboul, Tali Ilovitsh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Simultaneous axial multifocal imaging (SAMI) using a single acoustical transmission was developed to enhance the depth of field. This technique transmits a superposition of axial multi-foci waveforms in a single transmission, thus increasing the frame rate. However, since all the waveforms are transmitted at a constant center frequency, there is a tradeoff between attenuation and lateral resolution when choosing a constant frequency for all the axial depths. In this work, we developed an optimized SAMI method by adding frequency dependence to each axial multifocus. By gradually increasing the frequency as a function of the focal depth, this method makes it possible to compensate for the gradually increasing F-number in order to achieve constant lateral resolution across the entire field of view. Alternatively, by gradually decreasing the axial multifoci frequencies as a function of depth, enhanced penetration depth and contrast are obtained. This method, termed frequency multiplexed SAMI (FM-SAMI) is described analytically and validated by resolution and contrast experiments performed on resolution targets, tissue-mimicking phantoms and ex-vivo biological samples. This is the first real-time implementation of a frequency multiplexing approach for axial multifoci imaging that facilitates high quality imaging at an increased framerate.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1
Number of pages1
JournalIEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control
StateAccepted/In press - 2022


  • beamforming
  • frame rate
  • frequency multiplexing
  • multifoci
  • ultrasound imaging


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