Optimal Controller for Intraaortic Balloon Pumping

Ofer Barnea, Brian T. Smith, Stephen Dubin, Thomas W. Moore, Dov Jaron

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


An optimal control algorithm was adapted to identify and track the optimal deflation time of the intraaortic balloon pump (IABP). Routines for handling physiologically imposed constraints were added to the algorithm which was implemented in a computer-controlled system. The system was designed to provide real time optimization for the clinical setting. The controller continuously maximizes a performance index while observing the constraints. The index is composed of clinically available hemodynamic variables which indicate changes in myocardial energy balance. Proper values for the algorithm parameters were determined and the system was tested in animal experiments. The results indicate that controlling deflation time relative to the R wave, which precedes the next ejection phase, reduces the time required for optimization when the heart rate varies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)629-634
Number of pages6
JournalIEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 1992


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