## Abstract

The paper extends quadratic optimal control theory to weakly regular linear systems, a rather broad class of infinite-dimensional systems with unbounded control and observation operators. We assume that the system is stable (in a sense to be defined) and that the associated Popov function is bounded from below. We study the properties of the optimally controlled system, of the optimal cost operator X, and the various Riccati equations which are satisfied by X. We introduce the concept of an optimal state feedback operator, which is an observation operator for the open-loop system, and which produces the optimal feedback system when its output is connected to the input of the system. We show that if the spectral factors of the Popov function are regular, then a (unique) optimal state feedback operator exists, and we give its formula in terms of X. Most of the formulas are quite reminiscent of the classical formulas from the finite-dimensional theory. However, an unexpected factor appears both in the formula of the optimal state feedback operator as well as in the main Riccati equation. We apply our theory to an extensive example.

Original language | English |
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Pages (from-to) | 287-330 |

Number of pages | 44 |

Journal | Mathematics of Control, Signals, and Systems |

Volume | 10 |

Issue number | 4 |

DOIs | |

State | Published - 1997 |

Externally published | Yes |

## Keywords

- Feedthrough operator
- Optimal cost operator
- Popov function
- Regular linear system
- Riccati equation
- Spectral factor