Optical imaging systems analyzed with a 2D template

Harel Haim, Naim Konforti, Emanuel Marom

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Present determination of optical imaging systems specifications are based on performance values and modulation transfer function results carried with a 1D resolution template (such as the USAF resolution target or spoke templates). Such a template allows determining image quality, resolution limit, and contrast. Nevertheless, the conventional 1D template does not provide satisfactory results, since most optical imaging systems handle 2D objects for which imaging system response may be different by virtue of some not readily observable spatial frequencies. In this paper we derive and analyze contrast transfer function results obtained with 1D as well as 2D templates.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2739-2746
Number of pages8
JournalApplied Optics
Issue number14
StatePublished - 10 May 2012


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