A novel infrared (IR) transparent optical fiber coupled to a hand held otoscope and a radiometer was constructed and used to measure the temperatures of the tympanic membrane (TM) and to distinguish between diseased and healthy middle ears. A greater temperature difference between TM readings was found when Acute Otitis Media (AOM) existed in one of the ears examined. This supports the hypothesis that acute inflammation of the middle ear will result in elevated local temperature when measured in such a way that the reading is taken only from the TM without interference of the external canal. The use of an optical fiber enabled temperature measurements of the TM with high spatial resolution eliminating the external ear canal interference. A small patient population was examined and the initial results were statistically significant. In the hands of the primary care physician, this tool would prevent misdiagnosis of AOM preventing indiscriminate use of antibiotics and avoiding complications by early diagnosis.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering|
|State||Published - 1997|
|Event||Lasers in Surgery: Advanced Characterization, Therapeutics, and Systems VIII - San Jose, CA, United States|
Duration: 24 Jan 1998 → 25 Jan 1998
- Optical fibers
- Tympanic Membrane