Optical coherence tomography biomarkers predicting visual acuity change after intravitreal bevacizumab injections for macular edema secondary to branch retinal vein occlusion

Ori Segal*, Roy Yavnieli, Michael Mimouni, Gilad Rabina, Noa Geffen, Elad Moisseiev, Arie Y. Nemet

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: This study aimed to identify baseline optical coherence tomography (OCT) factors in branch retinal vein occlusion (BRVO) that predict response to bevacizumab injections. Methods: It is a retrospective case series of consecutive patients that underwent OCT at diagnosis, and the central macular thickness (CMT), extent of disorganized retinal inner layers, and outer retinal layers including external limiting membrane, ellipsoid zone (EZ), and cone outer segment tips (COST) were measured. Patients received 3 consecutive monthly injections of bevacizumab followed by pro re nata treatment. The main outcome measure was improvement in best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) after 1 year. Results are expressed as mean ± SD, and p value <0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: Overall, 66 eyes of 66 patients, with an average age of 68.5 ± 11.4 years, were included. The mean BCVA improved significantly from 0.68 logMAR at baseline to 0.50 logMAR at 1 year (p < 0.001). Baseline logMAR BCVA (r = 0.41, p < 0.001) and CMT (r = 0.23, p = 0.04) were associated with improvement while EZ (r = -0.24, p = 0.05) and COST (r = -0.32, p = 0.01) disruption with deterioration in BCVA. Conclusion: In patients with naïve BRVO treated with bevacizumab, BCVA improvement at 1 year can be predicted from baseline BCVA, CMT, extent of COST disruption, and EZ disruption.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)19-24
Number of pages6
JournalOphthalmologica
Volume245
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2022

Keywords

  • Bevacizumab
  • Branch retinal vein occlusion
  • Macular edema
  • Optical coherence tomography
  • Response

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