Optic pathway glioma and endocrine disorders in patients with and without NF1

Merav Gil Margolis*, Michal Yackobovitz-Gavan, Helen Toledano, Ariel Tenenbaum, Roni Cohen, Moshe Phillip, Shlomit Shalitin

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Optic pathway gliomas (OPGs) are classified by anatomic location and the association with neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1). Children with OPGs face sequelae related to tumor location and treatment modalities. We assessed the prevalence of endocrine dysfunction in children with OPGs and compared outcomes between those with and without NF1. Methods: We performed a retrospective medical record review of medical history, and clinical and laboratory data, of children diagnosed with OPGs (n = 59, 61% with NF1) during 1990–2020, followed at a tertiary endocrine clinic. Growth and puberty parameters and occurrence of endocrine dysfunction were evaluated. Results: Isolated optic nerve involvement was higher among patients with than without NF1. Patients without NF1 were younger at OPG diagnosis and more often treated with debulking surgery or chemotherapy. At the last endocrine evaluation, patients without NF1 had comparable height SDS, higher BMI SDS, and a higher rate of endocrine complications (78.3% vs. 41.7%, p = 0.006). Younger age at diagnosis, older age at last evaluation, and certain OPG locations were associated with increased endocrine disorder incidence. Conclusions: Endocrine dysfunction was more common in patients without NF1; this may be related to younger age at presentation, tumor locations, a greater progressive rate, and more aggressive treatments. Impact: The literature is sparse regarding sporadic OPGs, and the mean duration of follow-up is shorter than at our study.Our data show a higher rate of endocrine dysfunction in patients with OPGs than previously described.We also found a higher prevalence of endocrine dysfunctions among patients without compared to those with NF-1.A better understanding of the true prevalence of endocrine disabilities that may evolve along time can help in guiding physicians in the surveillance needed in patients with OPG.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)233-241
Number of pages9
JournalPediatric Research
Volume93
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2023

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Optic pathway glioma and endocrine disorders in patients with and without NF1'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this