Optic disc drusen demonstrate a hyperechogenic artifact in B mode ultrasound

Yehoshua Almog, Achia Nemet, Arie Y. Nemet*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

We describe a new, specific, hyperechogenic artifact spot in B-mode ultrasound (US) in patients diagnosed with optic nerve drusen (OND). This is a retrospective chart review of 34 consecutive patients with OND using B-scan US. The patients underwent full ophthalmic evaluation and neuro-ophthalmic examination. In all cases, a typical hyperechogenic spot was seen within the acoustic shadows on medium or high gain settings. The length between the US probe and the OND, and the distance between the OND and the artifact were recorded for each patient. In all cases, a typical hyperechogenic spot was seen within the acoustic shadows on medium or high gain settings. Sonograms showed a hyperechogenic focus in all eyes. The average ratio between the cornea-OND distance (25.5 mm) and the OND-hyperechogenic spot (32.1 mm) distance was 1.26. The size of the hyperechogenic spot was proportional to the size of the deposit on the disc, with the most marked attenuation of the beam seen in the largest lesions. B-scan US is a very sensitive and reliable detector of both superficial and buried OND. The described hyperechogenic artifact spot may be an additional mode to support diagnosis of OND. This finding might be helpful for making a differential diagnosis between OND and papilledema.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)111-119
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Clinical Neuroscience
Volume23
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2016
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • B-scan ultrasound
  • Optic nerve drusen
  • Papilledema

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