One-to-one neuron-electrode interfacing

Alon Greenbaum, Sarit Anava, Amir Ayali, Mark Shein, Moshe David-Pur, Eshel Ben-Jacob, Yael Hanein

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The question of neuronal network development and organization is a principle one, which is closely related to aspects of neuronal and network form-function interactions. In-vitro two-dimensional neuronal cultures have proved to be an attractive and successful model for the study of these questions. Research is constraint however by the search for techniques aimed at culturing stable networks, whose electrical activity can be reliably and consistently monitored. A simple approach to form small interconnected neuronal circuits while achieving one-to-one neuron-electrode interfacing is presented. Locust neurons were cultured on a novel bio-chip consisting of carbon-nanotube multi-electrode-arrays. The cells self-organized to position themselves in close proximity to the bio-chip electrodes. The organization of the cells on the electrodes was analyzed using time lapse microscopy, fluorescence imaging and scanning electron microscopy. Electrical recordings from well identified cells is presented and discussed. The unique properties of the bio-chip and the specific neuron-nanotube interactions, together with the use of relatively large insect ganglion cells, allowed long-term stabilization (as long as 10 days) of predefined neural network topology as well as high fidelity electrical recording of individual neuron firing. This novel preparation opens ample opportunity for future investigation into key neurobiological questions and principles.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)219-224
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Neuroscience Methods
Volume182
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 15 Sep 2009

Keywords

  • Carbon nanotubes
  • Locust
  • Multi electrode arrays
  • Neuronal network
  • Neurons

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