One Anastomosis Gastric Bypass Compared with Sleeve Gastrectomy in Elderly Patients: Safety and Long-term Outcomes

Danit Dayan, Anat Bendayan, Eran Nizri, Subhi Abu-Abeid, Guy Lahat, Adam Abu-Abeid*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: As life expectancy increases, more elderly patients are being considered for metabolic bariatric surgery. We aimed to assess the safety and long-term effectiveness of one anastomosis gastric bypass (OAGB) compared to sleeve gastrectomy (SG). Methods: Single-center retrospective comparative study of OAGB and SG (2012–2019) in patients aged ≥ 65 years. Results: In all, 124 patients underwent OAGB (n = 41) and SG (n = 83). Mean age was 67.6 ± 2.8 and 67.6 ± 2.6 years (p = 0.89), respectively. Baseline characteristics were comparable, except lower rates of hypertension (HTN) and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease in OAGB than SG patients (43.9% vs. 74.6%; p < 0.001, and 39.0% vs. 89.1%; p < 0.001, respectively). Body mass index (BMI) of OAGB and SG patients decreased from 41.8 ± 7.8 and 43.3 ± 5.9 kg/m2 (p = 0.25) to 28.6 ± 4.7 and 33.2 ± 5.3 (p < 0.001), at long-term follow-up, respectively. Excess weight loss (EWL) > 50% was achieved in 80.6% and 43.2% of OAGB and SG patients, with a mean EWL of 67.2% ± 22.3 and 45.8% ± 18.0 (p < 0.001) and a mean total weight loss (TWL) of 30.7% ± 10.4 and 21.9% ± 8.1 (p < 0.001), respectively. Resolution rates of obesity-associated medical problems were similar, except type 2 diabetes (T2D) and HTN, which were 86.6% and 73.3% in OAGB, compared with 29.7% and 36.3% in SG patients (p < 0.001 and p = 0.001), respectively. Major early complication rates were comparable (2.4% vs. 3.6%; p = 0.73, respectively). Revision for late complications was required in two OAGB patients. Conclusions: OAGB in the elderly is safe and results in better long-term weight reduction and resolution of T2D and HTN than SG. Graphical Abstract: [Figure not available: see fulltext.]

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)570-576
Number of pages7
JournalObesity Surgery
Volume33
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2023

Keywords

  • Elderly
  • Long-term effectiveness
  • Metabolic bariatric surgery
  • One anastomosis gastric bypass
  • Safety
  • Sleeve gastrectomy

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'One Anastomosis Gastric Bypass Compared with Sleeve Gastrectomy in Elderly Patients: Safety and Long-term Outcomes'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this