Once Weekly Application of Urea 40% and Bifonazole 1% Leads to Earlier Nail Removal in Onychomycosis

Avner Shemer, Yossi Eshel, Aditya K. Gupta, Renata Farhi, Eckart Haneke, Carlton Ralph Daniel, Kelly Foley, Emma M. Quinlan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Introduction: Onychomycosis is a chronic nail fungal infection resulting in nail damage and a decreased quality of life. Chemical avulsion of the nail with urea and bifonazole-removes fungally infected debris, increasing antifungal treatment efficacy and penetration. Previous clinical ob-servations describe patients who applied their urea and-bifonazole ointment less frequently, achieving earlier nail removal. In this study, we analyzed the relationship between duration of urea and bifonazole application and time to nail avulsion. Methods: χ2 tests, multiple regression analysis, and ANOVA were performed to analyze the similarities between treatment regimens (daily, every 3 days, or once a week), association of regimens or patient characteristics to nail removal, and compare time to nail removal between each regimen, respectively. Results: Daily application of ointment and sealing resulted in an average length of time (±SD) to nail removal of 18.7 days (±6.8 days); once every 3 days resulted in nail removal at 12.7 days (±6.2 days) and once per week at 11 days (±4.46 days) (p < 0.001). Age was the only patient factor that affected duration to nail removal. Conclusion: Once weekly application of ointment with sealing for a 1-week duration is associated with a decrease in time to complete chemical avulsion of the nail by approximately 1 week.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)304-308
Number of pages5
JournalSkin Appendage Disorders
Volume6
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Sep 2020

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