The fundamental group of the complement of a plane curve is a very important topological invariant. In particular, it is interesting to find out whether this group is determined by the combinatorics of the curve or not, and whether it is a direct sum of free groups and a free abelian group, or it has a conjugation-free geometric presentation. In this paper, we investigate the structure of this fundamental group when the graph of the conic-line arrangement is a unique cycle of length n and the conic passes through all the multiple points of the cycle. We show that if n is odd, then the affine fundamental group is abelian but not conjugation-free. For the even case, if n > 4, then using quotients of the lower central series, we show that the fundamental group is not a direct sum of a free abelian group and free groups.
- Braid monodromy
- Conic-line arrangement
- Conjugation-free presentation
- Fundamental group
- Lower central series