On the resilience of Hamiltonicity and optimal packing of Hamilton cycles in random graphs

Sonny Ben-Shimon*, Michael Krivelevich, Benny Sudakov

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Let k = (k1, ..., kn) be a sequence of n integers. For an increasing monotone graph property ℘ we say that a base graph G = ([n], E) is k-resilient with respect to ℘ if for every subgraph H ⊆ G such that dH(i) ≤ ki for every 1 ≤ i ≤ n the graph G - H possesses ℘. This notion naturally extends the idea of the local resilience of graphs recently initiated by Sudakov and Vu. In this paper we study the k-resilience of a typical graph from G(n, p) with respect to the Hamiltonicity property, where we let p range over all values for which the base graph is expected to be Hamiltonian. Considering this generalized approach to the notion of resilience our main result implies several corollaries which improve on the bestknown bounds of Hamiltonicity related questions. For one, it implies that for every positive ε > 0 and large enough values of K, if p > K ln n/n, then with high probability the local resilience of G(n, p) with respect to being Hamiltonian is at least (1 - ε)np/3, improving on the previous bound for this range of p. Another implication is a result on optimal packing of edge-disjoint Hamilton cycles in a random graph. We prove that if p ≤ 1.02 ln n/n, then with high probability a graph G sampled from G(n, p) contains [δ(G)/2] edge-disjoint Hamilton cycles, extending the previous range of p for which this was known to hold.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1176-1193
Number of pages18
JournalSIAM Journal on Discrete Mathematics
Volume25
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 2011

Keywords

  • Hamiltonicity
  • Random graphs
  • Resilience

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