On the Presence of the Andalusian ayyuj's Grammatical Theory in Abu al-Faraj HCrossed D signrun's al-KitCrossed D signb al-Muštamil in the "east"

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Abstract

The purpose of the present paper is to show that the prominent grammarian Abu al-Faraj HCrossed D signrun (AFH), head of the Karaite Majlis in Jerusalem (first half of the eleventh century CE) was acquainted with the grammatical theory of the important Andalusian grammarian Yehudah ayyuj (d. c. 1010 CE in Cordoba), whose writings had reached the Arabic-speaking east at an early stage, not long after his death. AFH described the grammar of Biblical Hebrew according to the accepted Karaite method and the classical Arabic grammatical theory, but also mentioned ayyuj explicitly by name, and mentioned the latter's grammatical method in explanations of words in the Bible. In his al-Muštamil, especially in the chapters on the letters, AFH provided explanations using ayyuj's method; he did not copy ayyuj's words but described phonological and morphological phenomena in his own words, based on ayyuj's theory. In other words, we will show that AFH was the first in the Arabic-speaking east to have used ayyuj's grammatical terminology and concepts, examples and explanations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)169-198
Number of pages30
JournalJournal of Semitic Studies
Volume67
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2022

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