On the decline of scientific societies

Joseph Agassi*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Classical studies describe the vital service that scientific societies rendered in the heyday of modem science. The sociology of science mostly ignores their decline, mainly because the received frameworks within which they work are too narrow to notice it: radicalism (Bacon, Descartes) and conventionalism (Duhem, Poincaré) underrate the social aspect of science, whereas authoritarianism (Polanyi, Kuhn) ignores its variety. The alternative advocated here is critical rationalism (Popper); it deems rationality as limited and dependent on diverse social and individual factors, thus allowing for explanations and assessments of changes of social settings, including those of science.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)180-194
Number of pages15
JournalInternational Journal of Technology Management
Volume46
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2009

Keywords

  • Methodology
  • Normal science
  • Radicalism
  • Scientific criticism
  • Scientific institutions
  • Scientific societies
  • Scientific truth
  • Sociology of science
  • The scientific community
  • Traditionalism

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