On some Octocorallia (Cnidaria: Anthozoa: Alcyonacea) from Singapore, with a description of a new Cladiella species

Y. Benayahu, L. M. Chou

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Octocorallia (Cnidaria: Anthozoa) from Singapore were collected and identified in a survey conducted in 1999. Colonies collected previously, between 1993 and 1997, were also studied. The entire collection of ∼170 specimens yielded 25 species of the families Helioporidae, Alcyoniidae, Paraclcyoniidae, Xeniidae and Briareidae. Their distribution is limited to six m depth, due to high sediment levels and limited light penetration. The collection also yielded Cladiella hartogi, a new species (family Alcyonacea), which is described. All the other species are new zoogeographical records for Singapore. A comparison of species composition of octocorals collected in Singapore between 1993 and 1977 and those collected in 1999 revealed that out of the total number of species, 12 were found in both periods, whereas seven species, which had been collected during the earlier years, were no longer recorded in 1999. Notably, however, six species that are rare on Singapore reefs were recorded only in the 1999 survey and not in the earlier ones. It is not yet clear whether these differences in species composition indeed imply changes over time in the octocoral fauna, or may reflect a sampling bias. The inclusion of octocorals in Singapore reef-monitoring programs will undoubtedly shed light on possible temporal changes in their species composition. The findings do indicate, however, that the fleshy octocoral fauna of Singapore is rather impoverished compared to other reefs in the region.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-13
Number of pages13
JournalRaffles Bulletin of Zoology
Issue number1
StatePublished - Feb 2010


  • Alcyonacea
  • Cladiella
  • Cnidaria
  • Coral reefs
  • New records
  • New species
  • Octocorallia
  • Singapore


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